The Download: how infants can educate AI, and new mRNA vaccines

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Human infants are much better at studying than even the perfect giant language fashions. To have the ability to write in satisfactory English, ChatGPT needed to be educated on huge knowledge units that comprise tens of millions upon tens of millions of phrases. Children, alternatively, have entry to solely a tiny fraction of that knowledge, but by age three they’re speaking in fairly subtle methods.

A group of researchers at New York University questioned if AI might study like a child. What might an AI mannequin do when given a much smaller knowledge set—the sights and sounds skilled by a single youngster studying to speak?

Rather a lot, it seems. This work, printed in Science, not solely offers insights into how infants study however might additionally result in higher AI fashions. Read the total story.

—Cassandra Willyard

The subsequent technology of mRNA vaccines is on its manner

Japan not too long ago authorized a brand new mRNA vaccine for covid, and this one is fairly thrilling. Just just like the mRNA vaccines you recognize and love, it delivers the directions for making the virus’s spike protein. But right here’s what makes it novel: it additionally tells the physique the best way to make extra mRNA. Essentially, it’s self-amplifying.

These sorts of vaccines supply a few necessary benefits over typical mRNA vaccines, at the very least in concept. The dose may be a lot decrease, and it’s doable that they may induce a extra sturdy immune response.

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