Helping veterans address life after a bipolar prognosis : NPR


This retired two-star basic who led troops in fight is now on a mission to let veterans know there’s life after a bipolar prognosis.


Bipolar dysfunction has much less stigma than it used to, as celebrities and politicians have spoken about their struggles with psychological sickness. That record of public figures now features a retired two-star basic who led troops in fight. And he is on a mission to let veterans know there’s life after a bipolar prognosis. NPR’s Quil Lawrence experiences.

QUIL LAWRENCE, BYLINE: One of the most important issues for General Gregg Martin was that bipolar dysfunction appeared to assist him at first.

GREGG MARTIN: I used to be manic a lot of the yr in Iraq – felt like Superman, bulletproof, just about fearless, everywhere in the battlefield.

LAWRENCE: Martin deployed to Iraq in 2003 as a colonel answerable for an engineer brigade that paved the best way from Kuwait to Baghdad. He led from the entrance aggressively and bought virtually nothing however reward.

MARTIN: That’s what the military and different providers – they need that. They prize it. They reward it. So it really – the truth that I had a bipolar mind was an enormous profit for me.

LAWRENCE: He pushed his troops with relentless positivity. He favored intense exercises over sleep. His mania match proper in with the American navy mystique.

MARTIN: And I believed that, you recognize, God was actually rewarding me and giving me this energy and motivation and vitality as a result of I used to be on type of a divine mission as an Army officer. So it by no means occurred to me that there is one thing unsuitable with my mind.

LAWRENCE: When deployment ended and Martin went dwelling, he felt despondent. Martin says he informed the nurse at a post-deployment well being screening he was depressed.

MARTIN: They stated, what do you do to care for your self, then, with this situation? I stated, effectively, I do plenty of actually intense bodily exercise regardless that it is onerous to do as a result of I’m depressed. I hear to essentially intense rock ‘n’ roll music. I do – I repeat, you recognize, energy verses from the Bible. And when that does not work, I drink. And, you recognize, I drink so much – far more than I ever have in my life. And they stated, effectively, that is – you recognize, you are advantageous. There’s nothing unsuitable with you.

LAWRENCE: Nothing unsuitable. This was 20 years in the past, and the navy has made loads of adjustments round psychological well being. But troops should still be reluctant to open up, fearing it will harm their careers. That’s one cause Martin has written a memoir referred to as “Bipolar General: My Forever War With Mental Illness.” Experts within the area credit score Martin with serving to break down the navy taboo on getting care.

ALEX LEOW: Some folks are likely to affiliate psychological diseases with an indication of weak spot, proper? So if you’re within the navy, you might be imagined to challenge this robust picture.

LAWRENCE: Dr. Alex Leow met General Martin when he gave the keynote speech at a medical convention. Dr. Leow is a Ph.D., MD, psychiatrist and bioengineer who treats and research bipolar. And she says folks on the bipolar spectrum are sometimes attracted by the best way a navy profession rewards aggressive, daring habits. But the depth of conflict can ignite extreme signs.

LEOW: It is nearly like a double-whammy impact. You know, you might be attracting extra folks on the spectrum into the navy but additionally, due to the stress, due to the fight experiences, additionally extra prone to set off their bipolar signs.

LAWRENCE: Which Martin says occurred to him. Iraq triggered intense cycles from mania to despair. And it did not cease there. Back within the U.S., he saved getting promoted. He took command of the U.S. Army War College in 2010 within the grip of delusions.

MARTIN: My bipolar dysfunction had elevated considerably since Iraq. And now it was pouring gasoline on the flames of a really sick mind. I used to be the neatest individual on the earth. I believed that I used to be an apostle despatched by God to rework the whole Department of Defense.

LAWRENCE: In 2012, Martin grew to become president of the National Defense University, NDU. But his excessive habits was lastly elevating flags. He’d stride right into a random classroom and simply begin lecturing.

MARTIN: One of the NDU faculties really took to posting, like, a sentry or a guard exterior the door. And if I got here into – if I used to be coming into the constructing, he was to inform the commandant instantly so he may take cost of me and divert me from going right into a lecture corridor. I imply, that is how unhealthy it was.

LAWRENCE: In 2014, he was summoned, alongside along with his spouse by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs, General Martin Dempsey. Dempsey was a good friend. They’d labored collectively in Iraq and Germany. In truth, Dempsey was the one who had picked Gregg Martin to guide NDU.

MARTIN: And then General Dempsey – he stated – he walked throughout the workplace, gave me an enormous hug, stated, Gregg, I really like you want a brother. You’ve carried out an unbelievable job. You have till 1700 hours at the moment to resign, or I’ll hearth you. And I’m ordering you to get a psychological well being analysis this week at Walter Reed.

LAWRENCE: His 36-year Army profession was ending. But it nonetheless took two years of what Martin calls untreated bipolar hell to get effectively, falling into the hole between navy healthcare and the Veterans Health Administration. At the VA in New Hampshire, he lastly bought prescribed drugs to deal with his mania and despair. And that is the excellent news. Bipolar is treatable.

TAMARA CAMPBELL: People go on to stay very productive, high-quality lives being handled for bipolar.

LAWRENCE: Dr. Tamara Campbell directs the VA’s Office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention.

CAMPBELL: And we’ll meet you wherever you might be. There isn’t any cause for anybody within the nation to undergo alone. And we need to deal with you. We’re right here for you.

LAWRENCE: The VA now treats over 130,000 vets per yr for bipolar dysfunction. And since final yr, a vet in disaster can get emergency care at any VA or non-VA facility freed from cost. VA has elevated its psychological well being employees by 54% previously 5 years. But demand for psychological well being care is surging nationwide, and meaning ready a few month for a VA appointment or almost two months for personal well being care. Still, Dr. Campbell says the earlier vets get handled for bipolar, the higher. And she thinks General Martin’s willingness to talk publicly will assist carry extra folks in. Martin is aware of that when his navy profession ended, he was within the grip of delusions. But certainly one of them, he believes, has turned out to be true.

MARTIN: God put me right here to do massive issues. Nine years later, that is really true as a result of what I’m doing by way of psychological well being advocacy and telling my bipolar story is a very powerful factor I’ve ever carried out in my life.

LAWRENCE: When he is carried out, Martin says, extra civilians and veterans will see bipolar dysfunction like diabetes or coronary heart illness – as an sickness with a remedy and no disgrace.

Quil Lawrence, NPR News.


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