Robo-Insight #6 – Robohub


Source: OpenAI’s DALL·E 2 with immediate “a hyperrealistic picture of a robot reading the news on a laptop at a coffee shop”

Welcome to the sixth version of Robo-Insight, a robotics information replace! In this publish, we’re excited to share a spread of latest developments within the area and spotlight robots’ progress in areas like medical help, prosthetics, robotic flexibility, joint motion, work efficiency, AI design, and family cleanliness.

Robots that may support nurses

In the medical world, researchers from Germany have developed a robotic system designed to assist nurses relieve the bodily pressure related to affected person care. Nurses typically face excessive bodily calls for when attending to bedridden sufferers, particularly throughout duties like repositioning them. Their work explores how robotic know-how can help in such duties by remotely anchoring sufferers in a lateral place. The outcomes point out that the system improved the working posture of nurses by a median of 11.93% and was rated as user-friendly. The analysis highlights the potential for robotics to help caregivers in healthcare settings, enhancing each nurse working situations and affected person care.

Arrangement of affected person room used within the research. Source.

Robots enhancing bionic hand management

Keeping our focus healthcare-related, lately researchers from quite a few European establishments have achieved a big breakthrough in robotic prosthetic know-how, as they efficiently implanted a neuromusculoskeletal prosthesis, a bionic hand related on to the person’s nervous and skeletal programs, in an individual with a below-elbow amputation. This achievement concerned surgical procedures to position titanium implants within the radius and ulna bones and switch severed nerves to free muscle grafts. These neural interfaces supplied a direct connection between the prosthesis and the person’s physique, permitting for improved prosthetic operate and elevated high quality of life. Their work demonstrates the potential for extremely built-in prosthetic gadgets to boost the lives of amputees via dependable neural management and cozy, on a regular basis use.

Schematic and X-ray of a totally built-in human-machine interface in a affected person. Source.

Reinforcement studying in mushy robotics

Turning our focus to mushy robotics, researchers from the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institut of Mexico and the Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila have proposed an strategy to make use of reinforcement studying (RL) for motor management of a pneumatic-driven mushy robotic modeled after continuum media with various density. This methodology includes a continuous-time Actor-Critic scheme designed for monitoring duties in a 3D mushy robotic topic to Lipschitz disturbances. Their research introduces a reward-based temporal distinction mechanism and a discontinuous adaptive strategy for neural weights within the Critic part of the system. The total purpose is to allow RL to regulate the advanced, unsure, and deformable nature of soppy robots whereas making certain stability in real-time management, an important requirement for bodily programs. This analysis focuses on the appliance of RL in managing the distinctive challenges posed by mushy robots.

Distinct distortions of a cylindrical-shaped versatile robotic. Source.

A teen-sized humanoid robotic

Moving onto human-robot interactions, researchers from the University of Texas at Austin’s Human-Centered Robotics Laboratory have launched a teen-sized humanoid robotic named DRACO 3, designed in collaboration with Apptronik. This robotic, tailor-made for sensible use in human environments, options proximal actuation and employs rolling contact mechanisms on its decrease physique, permitting for in depth vertical poses. A complete-body controller (WBC) has been developed to handle DRACO 3’s advanced transmissions. This analysis affords insights into the event and management of humanoids with rolling contact joints, specializing in practicality and efficiency.

Diagram illustrating the rolling contact joint on the knee. Initial configuration (left) and post-angular displacement (proper). Source.

Robots’ impacts on efficiency

Shifting our focus to psychology, lately researchers from Technische Universität Berlin have investigated the phenomenon of social loafing in human-robot groups. Social loafing refers to decreased particular person effort in a workforce setting in comparison with working alone. The research concerned members inspecting circuit boards for defects, with one group working alone and the opposite with a robotic associate. Despite a dependable robotic that marked defects on boards, members working with the robotic recognized fewer defects in comparison with these working alone, suggesting a possible incidence of social loafing in human-robot groups. This analysis sheds gentle on the challenges related to human-robot collaboration and its impression on particular person effort and efficiency.

Results of solo work vs. robotic work. Source.

A robotic designed by AI

Changing our focus to robotic design, researchers from Northwestern University have developed an AI system that designs robots from scratch, enabling it to create a strolling robotic in seconds, a job that took nature billions of years to evolve. This AI system runs on a light-weight private laptop, with out counting on energy-hungry supercomputers or giant datasets, providing the potential to design robots with distinctive kinds quickly. The system works by iterating on a design, assessing its flaws, and refining the construction in a matter of seconds. It paves the best way for a brand new period of AI-designed instruments able to performing straight on the world for numerous purposes.

3D printer designing robotic. Source.

A customizable robotic for family group

Finally, within the area of residence robotics, researchers from Stanford, Princeton, Columbia University, and Google, have developed TidyBot, a one-armed robotic designed to scrub areas based on private preferences. TidyBot makes use of a big language mannequin skilled on web information to determine numerous objects and perceive the place to place them, making it extremely customizable to completely different preferences. In real-world checks, the robotic can accurately put away roughly 85% of objects, considerably enhancing family group. While TidyBot nonetheless has room for enchancment, researchers imagine it holds nice promise for making robots extra versatile and helpful in properties and different environments.

Tidybot in coaching. Source.

The ongoing growth in a large number of sectors highlights the flexibleness and steadily advancing character of robotics know-how, uncovering recent potentialities for its incorporation into a variety of industries. The progressive enlargement within the realm of robotics mirrors unwavering dedication and affords a glimpse into the potential penalties of those developments for the occasions forward.


  1. Hinrichs, P., Seibert, Ok., Arizpe Gómez, P., Pfingsthorn, M., & Hein, A. (2023). A Robotic System to Anchor a Patient in a Lateral Position and Reduce Nurses’ Physical Strain. Robotics12(5)
  2. Ortiz-Catalán, M., Zbinden, J., Millenaar, J., D’Accolti, D., Controzzi, M., Clemente, F., Cappello, L., Earley, E. J., Enzo Mastinu, Justyna Kolankowska, Munoz-Novoa, M., Stewe Jönsson, Njel, C., Paolo Sassu, & Rickard Brånemark. (2023). A extremely built-in bionic hand with neural management and suggestions to be used in every day life. Science Robotics
  3. Pantoja-Garcia, L., Parra-Vega, V., Garcia-Rodriguez, R., & Vázquez-García, C. E. (2023). A Novel Actor—Critic Motor Reinforcement Learning for Continuum Soft Robots. Robotics12(5)
  4. Bang, S. H., Gonzalez, C., Ahn, J., Paine, N., & Sentis, L. (2023, September 26). Control and analysis of a humanoid robotic with rolling contact joints on its decrease physique. Frontiers.
  5. Cymek, D. H., Truckenbrodt, A., & Onnasch, L. (2023, August 31). Lean again or lean in? exploring social loafing in human–robotic groups. Frontiers. 
  6. Instant evolution: AI designs new robotic from scratch in seconds. (n.d.).
  7. University, S. (2023, October 3). Robot gives customized room cleanup. Stanford News.

Shaunak Kapur
is a part of Robohub’s volunteering workforce, and soon-to-be senior in highschool (Texas). Shaun has been captivated by robotics from a younger age.

Shaunak Kapur
is a part of Robohub’s volunteering workforce, and soon-to-be senior in highschool (Texas). Shaun has been captivated by robotics from a younger age.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here